This spring, the 5th and 6th grade boys Writing & Literature class I am tutoring will be reading John Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress
. In preparation for this class, I am re-re-reading the book and constructing a detailed outline for each chapter as I read. The following outline is for Chapter 9 (in the 1991 Tyndale House Edition).
I. Evangelist Encourages the Pilgrims
Christian and Faithful encounter Evangelist in the Wilderness.
Christian and Faithful recount their journeys to Evangelist.
Evangelist is blessed in hearing of their perseverance.
Evangelist encourages the pilgrims.
Christian asks what dangers lie ahead and how they might best overcome them.
Evangelist tells the pilgirms that they are coming to a town full of enemies, and that they will have to resist temptation to the point of shedding their blood.
The one who dies a martyr, though facing an agonizing death, is happiest, because:
1. He reaches the Celestial City soonest;
2. He escapes the further persecutions of this world.
II. Vanity Fair
Vanity Fair is a perpetual fair in a town called vanity; the town and fair are marked by meaninglessness.
Vanity Fair was established by Beelzebub, Apollyon, and Legion for the purpose of distracting pilgrims on the way to the Celestial City.
The rows within Vanity Fair are named after the countries and kingdoms where the "desired merchandise" can be found, such as:
1. British Row,
2. French Row,
3. Italian Row,
4. Spanish Row,
5. German Row.
The Wares of Rome are greatly promoted at Vanity Fair.
The way to the Celestial City passes right through Vanity Fair, and to avoid Vanity Fair a pilgrim would have to leave the world altogether.
The Prince of Princes Himself passed through Vanity Fair on the way to the Celestial City:
1. Beelzebub sought to persuade the Prince to buy merchadise from the Fair.
2. Beelzebub promised that he would make the Prince lord of the Fair, if He would pay Beelzebub homage.
3. The Prince triumphed over Beelzebub's temptations.
The people of Vanity Fair marvelled at the pilgrims in contempt, because:
1. The pilgrims did not dress in clothing such as that sold at the Fair;
2. The pilgrims did not speak the same language as the people of Vanity;
3. The pilgrims were entirely disinterested in the merchandise of the Fair.
III. The Pilgrims Cause a Commotion
A merchant asks the pilgrims what they will buy; they respond, "We will buy the truth," upon which:
1. The crowd taunts them and calls on others to beat them;
2. The manager of the Fair has the pilgrims taken into custody.
The pilgrims are interrogated:
1. The pilgrims truthfully answer all questions put to them,
2. But those conducting the investigation disbelieve them, and so they:
a) beat the pilgrims,
b) smear them with dirt,
c) place them in a cage in the midst of the Fair.
In the midst of great, prolonged ridicule from all at the Fair, the pilgrims return kind words for insults.
IV. The Conflict of Opposing Sides
Some "more observant and less prejudiced" people at the Fair begin to "correct and confront the more depraved types for their continual abuse of the two men."
And so an "angry argument" breaks out among the people of the Fair:
1. During the argument, the pilgrims continue "to conduct themselves wisely;"
2. Finally, the argument comes to blows.
The pilgrims are dragged before their examiners once again:
1. The pilgrims are blamed for the ruckus;
2. The pilgrims are beaten and then paraded through the streets in chains as a warning to others:
a) Not to defend the pilgrims;
b) Not to follow the pilgrims.
The pilgrims respond to their abuse with "meekness and patience," and so some few are won to their side.
Enraged, the pilgrims' accusers decide to insist that they be given the death penalty.
V. Christian and Faithful Stand Trial
The pilgrims take comfort in the words they remember from Evangelist.
The pilgrims are charged before the judge, Lord Hate-good, with:
1. Disturbing trade,
2. Causing a commotion and divisions in the town,
3. Winning a group to their dangerous opinions against the lord of the town.
Faithful testifies that:
1. He is only against those things opposed by the King of kings,
2. He is a man of peace,
3. He defies Beelzebub.
VI. False Witnesses Give Testimony
Envy testifies against Faithful, that:
1. Faithful diregards the prince, people, laws, and customs of Vanity;
2. Faithful constantly seeks to influence people toward disloyal notions;
3. Faithful has said that the principals of Christianity and Vanity are diatmetrically opposed and irreconcilable.
Superstition testifies that Faithful teaches that the religion of Vanity is false.
Talebearer testifies that Faithful slanders Lord Beelzebub and the aristocracy of Vanity.
VII. The Judge's Counsel
: Based on the laws of Vanity, Faithful deserves to die.
VIII. The Jury Returns a Verdict
: The jury unanimously finds Faifhul guilty, and they recommend the death penalty.
IX. Faithful's Martyrdom and Departure
Faithful is tortured to death:
3. Cut with daggers and swords,
5. Burned to death.
Faithful is taken by chariot to the Celestial City.
Christian is taken back to prison for a time, but his Sovereign provides him a means of escape.