The New Israel: Christ and His Church
“Jesus is the David, the culmination of Israel’s history, who will bring about an end to the exile. Yet his birth also brings light to the Gentiles; a star is seen rising in the east (Matt 2:2), which means the crushing of the enemy’s head (Num 24:17). Thus, when Jesus begins his ministry, he–as the new Adam and new Israel–succeeds where the old Adam and old Israel failed (Matt 4:1-11). Hence he recapitulates in his life the history of Adam and Israel. He triumphs over the satanic enemy and announces the kingdom of God, a domain that includes geography and which will one day encompass the entire earth. And this is the emphasis at the end of Matthew’s Gospel, in which a suffering Davidic Messiah has been exalted and given authority over not just an Israelite kingdom but the globe. He commands his subjects to go into this domain and disciple all nations (Matt 28:18-20; cf. Dan 7:13-14).
Labels: Reformation Theology