Call To Die

Then [Jesus] said to them all, "If anyone wants to come with Me, he must deny himself, take up his cross daily, and follow Me. For whoever wants to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life because of Me will save it. (Luke 9:23-24, HCSB)

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Follower of Christ, husband of Abby, member of Kosmosdale Baptist Church, and tutor/staff member at Sayers Classical Academy.

Tuesday, January 12, 2010

Notes on Revelation: "Jesus Christ"

[Continuing a review of some notes taken during my M.Div. Greek Syntax and Exegesis class over Revelation 1-3. The following are some notes I have over the second and third words of Revelation: =Ihsou: Cristou: .]

=Ihsou: Cristou:

The above genitive phrase is usually rendered "of Jesus Christ" in the translations and is taken by many preachers to indicate that the revelation of the book is "concerning Jesus Christ." Indeed, it is certain that Revelation is a Christ-centered book from John's initial vision of Jesus in chapter 1 to the Christ-directed praise uttered by the heavenly hosts in chapter 5 to the benediction at the end of chapter 22- and at all points in between- Jesus is glorified.

Currently, however, here is a wide-ranging consensus of commentators- including David Aune, Greg Beale, Grant Osborne, and Robert Thomas- who note that, as it is used in Revelation 1:1, =Ihsou: Cristou: appears intended as a subjective genitive, so that the phrase should be rendered "from Jesus Christ." An understanding of the phrase as indicating Jesus Christ as the chief agent of the revelation related by John, rather than as the content of the revelation related by John, fits better within verse 1, in which the content of the revelation seems to be "[the things] that must happen quickly." As noted previously, "revelation" indicates an uncovering of "what has formerly been hidden." If my understanding of verse 1 is correct, then John is indicating that Jesus Christ is uncovering "[the things] that must happen quickly." This understanding would also make sense of why the book is referred to as "the words of prophecy" in 1:4, and would fit well with the Christology presented in John's Gospel in which Jesus is called the "Word," and is seen as God's chief agent of special revelation (John 1:1, 18).

And so, if my understanding is correct, then the first 3 verses of Revelation present a chain of revelation, as follows:

1. God-> 2. Jesus Christ-> 3. His angel-> 4. John-> 5. The one reading-> 6. Those hearing

In my next post, I hope to explore this 'chain of revelation' a little more in depth.

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