"Justification Without Works"
The necessity of preaching justification:
"Other subjects a minister may preach upon, and that unto the profit and advantage of the people; but this he must preach-this he cannot omit-if he would truly preach the gospel of Jesus Christ."
Justification and the Covenant of Grace:
"Was it not the exaltation of the glory of God in all His attributes and blessed perfections, which was the result of that glorious counsel-held above between the Father and the Son, before the world began-in the bringing in and establishing of the Covenant of Grace?"
"[T]hat which Christ did and suffered, He did and suffered as a common person: as a head, surety, and representative for all the elect;"
The definition of justification:
"Justification is an absolute act of God's most sovereign grace, whereby He imputes the complete and perfect righteousness of Jesus Christ to a believing sinner (though ungodly in himself), absolving him from all his sins, and accepting him as righteous in Christ."
"Justification is the acceptance of a sinner with God as righteous, through the righteousness of Jesus Christ imputed to him."
Justification is by faith alone:
"[B]elieving sinners are made partakers of Christ's righteousness, and the benefits of it: and that by faith alone, as that by which we wholly fly to Him for righteousness, trusting in the promise of life for his sake and merits."
Justification is on the basis of the imputed righteousness of Christ:
"[B]y Christ's righteousness imputed, he that believes is perfectly justified, and is freed from the curse of the Law, and accepted, and accounted righteous in the sight of God, and hereby hath a certain title to eternal life."
Our works have NO part of the basis for our justification:
"[A]ll works done by the creature are utterly excluded in point of justification in the sight of God."
"Good works done [even] by saints and godly persons cannot justify them in God's sight."
"[S]ince all boasting is excluded [from justification], all works are excluded."
"[E]very man before he is justified is like an evil tree, and therefore can bring forth no good fruit, no good works; wherefore all works, 'tis evident, before faith and justification, are utterly excluded [as the basis for our justification]."
"[T]he doctrine that mixes any works of righteousness done by the creature with faith or the free grace of God-in point of justification-gives the Scripture the lie; therefore, that doctrine is false, and to be rejected."
"[A]ll works done by the creature are utterly excluded in point of justification..."
"Grace and works (let works be of what sort they will) are directly contrary, the one to the other. (See Rom 11:6)."
"There is no mixing of works and free grace together, but one of these does and will destroy the nature of the other; and as it holds true in election, so in justification: if justification was partly of grace, and partly of works done by the creature, or from foreseen holiness and sincere obedience done by us, then grace is no more grace, or works no more works."
Law and gospel:
"[The terms of the Law and the terms of the gospel] differ not only in degree, but in their whole nature."
"[T]he Apostle proves that the justice of God requires a perfect or sinless righteousness in point of justification, and also he proves that all have sinned."
"[T]he Law of God is but as a transcript, or written impression of that holiness and purity that is in His own nature, and serves to show us what a righteousness we must be found in, if we are ever justified in His sight."
"[Righteousness] must be fulfilled by us in our own persons, or by our Surety for us, and imputed to us."
"The [Moral] Law did not only proceed from the will of God, doubtless, as an act of His sovereign will and prerogative [i.e., as a Positive Law], but as an act proceeding from His infinite justice and holiness." [Therefore, God cannot lessen the demands of the Moral Law without contradicting His holy character.]
"[W]e are still under obedience to the Moral Law, the substance of which is to love God and our neighbor as ourselves. By the 'Law' is meant 'that rule of life God hath given,' whether as written in the heart, or given by Moses,"
"[N]o man, because a sinner, can be justified by his own works righteousness, or obedience; but all men are sinners,"
"God is just as well as gracious (Rom 3:26). He cannot suffer any wrong to be done to His holy Law."
"[W]hat we could not do in keeping perfectly the Law, He sent His Son in our nature, as our surety and representative, to do it for us."
"[B]y faith we get or attain to a perfect righteousness; even such a righteousness as the Law requires, by being interested in the complete and perfect righteousness and obedience of Christ to the Moral Law, in whom every type and shadow of the Ceremonial Law, and in whom each promise and prophecy is fulfilled also:"
"Remember, sinners, you are guilty and must be justified in a way of righteousness as well as pardoned in a way of sovereign mercy,"
"[A]ll we have is of God's free grace."
"Sirs, there is no way in order to peace of conscience for us, but to do as Paul did, i.e., renounce all our inherent righteousness and obedience, and fly to the doctrine of justification by the grace of God, through the complete righteousness of Jesus Christ received by faith only."
Labels: Reformation Theology