Outline of "Pilgrim's Progress," Chapter 10
I. Hopeful Joins Christian
A. Hopeful was made hopeful by the testimonies of Christian and Faithful.
B. Hopeful says that soon many others from Vanity will be converted and follow them.
II. The Pilgrims Meet Mr. By-Ends
A. Mr. By-ends says he is from a town called Fair-speech.
B. Christian says that he has heard that Fair-speech is a wealthy town, which By-ends affirms.
C. By-ends says that he has many wealthy relatives in Fair-speech, these relatives have names like Mr. Facing-bothways, Rev. Two-tongues, etc.
D. By-ends says that he is married to Lady Feigning's daughter.
III. Mr. By-Ends's Religion
A. Mr. By-end describes his religion as:
1. Going with the flow,
2. More concerned with religion when it is refined and elegant.
B. Mr. By-ends says he was given "by-ends" as a cruel nickname simply because he adjusts his views to the present trends of the times.
C. Christian fears that By-ends's name may be more appropriate to him than he is willing to believe.
IV. They Must Part Company
A. Christian tells By-ends that if he wishes to travel with the pilgrims, he must:
1. Be willing to travel against wind and current,
2. Embrace the faith even when it is in rags.
B. By-ends protests that he should not be imposed upon to change his beliefs, and he resolves to walk alone until he can find others who will agree with him.
V. Mr. By-Ends's Three Friends
A. Mr. By-ends meets up with three former schoolmates, i.e., Mr. Hold-the-world, Mr. Money-love, and Mr. Save-all.
B. The friends had been taught by Mr. Grasp-man in the town of Love-gain, "a center of commercialism in the northern County of Coveting."
VI. They Evaluate Christian and Hopeful
A. By-ends says that the pilgrims are "very rigid and dogmatic" and that if a person does not agree with them "on every point" they cast that person out of their company.
B. Mr. Save-all says that he has read about such extreme legalists who judge and condemn everyone but themselves.
C. Through the use of various Scriptures, the friends condemn the pilgrims as reckless and foolish.
VII. A Question from Mr. By-Ends
A. Can a person be considered honest who seeks to attain the good things in this life through becoming zealous for religion?
B. Mr. Money-love's answer:
1. Such a man as described in the question is a man of integrity if he is a minister:
a) God Himself has given the opportunity for greater compensation;
b) The man will be improved through becoming zealous;
c) Accommodating himself to the needs of his people will demonstrate a self-denying spirit;
d) The man will become more diligent in his work.
2. Such a man as described in the question is a man of integrity if he is a businessman:
a) To become religious is commendable, regardless of motivation;
b) A man may get good things from good people by becoming good himself.
VIII. Christian Answers the Question
A. Biblical examples:
1. Hamor and Shechem, with their friends became circumcised in an attempt to secure Jacob's daughter and cattle;
2. The Pharisees made long, impressive prayers as a pretense, while cheating widows out of their houses;
3. Judas was religious so that he could carry the common purse, but he was cast off;
4. Simon the sorcerer desired to receive the Holy Spirit for money;
5. Again, Judas took up religion for gain only to sell his faith for gain.
B. Conclusion, taking up faith for worldly gain is:
1. Hopeful was pleased with the soundness of Christian's reply;
2. Mr. By-ends and his friends shrank back.